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Grottagliese History of the Modern Age

The sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, represent a historical period of fundamental importance for the history of feudal, for the religious life and for economic development, social, cultural and artistic town.
In 1497, Earth Grottaglie was granted by King Frederick John Write, Speaker of Serene King of Spain for himself and successors.
In 1507, Catholic King, by virtue of "capitulation of peace", gave that land to the beautiful Isabella of Aragon, Duchess of Milan.
In 1524, happened Bona Sforza of Aragon, Queen of Poland, daughter of Isabella of Aragon.
In 1558, received at the Royal Court was sold to Lucchesino Dè Lucchesinis and Magnificent Portia Filomarino, which sold it directly to the Magnificent Piscicello.
In 1574, the Royal Court competerle asserting the right of repurchase by Alfonso Piscicello, sold it to Giovanni Jacopo Cossus.
In 1588, was sold the same right to Antonio Acquaviva.
In 1589, Land of the free Grottaglie was sold to Antonio Carafa.
In 1622, Federico Carafa di Nocera, Baron of Grottaglie, son of Thomas, sold free-earth Grottaglie Ippolita Pappacoda of Noya and the latter sold it to Marcantonio Muscettola.
In 1623, Marcantonio Muscettola sold the Land of Grottaglie to Gregory Castelli di Genova.
In 1643, Gregory Castelli sold the Land of Grottaglie, for shields 50.000, Vincenzo Woven Geronimo Andreijm.
In 1646, Vincenzo Velvets, Florentine nobleman, donated the land of Grottaglie Francesco Velvets her firstborn son.
In 1659, Francesco Velvets sold it to John the Baptist Cicinelli, Prince of Cursi.
Subsequently, the 22 March 1660, took possession, to act Notar Marcantonio Renzo Lecce and tool loyal tribute, Notar Mario Cataldo dell'Amendolara of Taranto.
All these rulers dwelt not at all (except Cicinelli), or did so only rarely, in Grottaglie.
The Archbishop had Mensa, addition to the many goods, a large estate in the village of Mutata call "Jungle", bordering the lands of Ostuni and Martina, possession poorly tolerated by Martina and especially from Grottaglie who often claimed ownership University Local proceeding several times to his violent occupation.
Grottaglie in the sixteenth century had, bene o male, years lived peacefully under Isabella of Aragon and Bona Sforza, and had endured the proverbial greed of Carafa riding with the next century. In the seventeenth century knows years of misery and degradation witnessed in the tumult of 1647, the year of the revolution of Naples and unrest throughout the kingdom against Spanish domination. The occasion seemed propitious and so, even the mild Grottaglie, had its small revolution then sedated, almost miraculously, by the Poor Clare Sister Rosana Baptist.
Under Cicinelli, the Grottaglie had to regret even the sad times passed into the hands of strangers and Castles Woven. In 1602, no one knows why, for allocation in Grottaglie a company of the Duke of Gravina which subjected all, priests and citizens, to harassment and bullying, not even allowing them to sell or buy something, so that many were in danger of starving. It happened due to this fact an alliance between the clergy and the people to face the sad situation.
In 1624, citizens turned to the chapter because the taxation imposed did not correspond to the real needs of the country, asking that a clergyman he went to serve the University in Naples. A formal request for help came after two years and the Chapter decided to intervene after the consent apostolic, verily, not reached. In 1627 organized themselves, despite the prohibitions, daily processions for serious needs of the city. The situation worsens to the point that in January following a group of citizens chosen to be noted that Chapter: “for the love of God and the salvation of the souls of this country, of these poor people who apparently were offended et aggravated, not having that person take their parties for coming in misery, pleading charity paternal rescue them by letter, that they should stand 'Gentlemen Superior Laity' justice, lest Inke not go in this country abused and harassed”.
In 1644, the clergy decides to help the University, oppressed to the point that by 1200 fires (families) for whom it was not taxed there remained that 600, as: “most, et in particular operarii et bracelets were absent from it Earth”.
Therefore witnessing the flight of working and producing arms and a tightening, for those that remain, of imposts and taxes unbearable.
A Grottaglie are witnessing a phenomenon of excessive increase in the number of clerics to coincide with a period of great political difficulty - Institutional - Economic. Consider that in the conclusion of the chapter 10 June 1645, are admitted to the choir well 65 Clerics, and that in 1663 the only priests exceed the number of 100, not to mention the friars, clerics and nuns of St. Clare.
In 1730, D. Giovanni Andrea Cicinelli, heir died leaving his daughter Giulia Maria just six years, under the tutelage of his great-uncle John the Baptist Cicinelli. These, tutor, took possession of the feud usurping the great-grandson. Under his rule there was the uprising of the 1734. But in 1774, the above Giovan Battista Cicinelli had to give up the feud, regained control of Giulia Maria, that same year she married James Caracciolo Dukes of Martina, sanctioning the union of families Cicinelli-Caracciolo which lasted until the abolition of feudalism. The grueling contest finally had a composition under the presulato Msgr. Capecelatro, which in 1781, granted Cicinelli - Caracciolo, in dense Perpetual, not only the dense forest but also all feudal rights. In other words: “civil jurisdiction with its Mastrodattia, the Bagliva, Riva, Square petite and the Forest for the annual and been shaped by five hundred seventy ducats”.

But neither the archbishops, nor lay lords had a way to enjoy this newfound peace, because, with the "Napoleonic law" of 1806 and subsequent ones of the Kingdom of Italy, there was the abolition of the feudal system that swept away the rights and privileges of nobles and clergy, leaving only their titles dignitaries and noble devoid of any substance. On the other hand the symptoms of a revolutionary will and democratic were already visible in the 1799, with the rise in the various centers of the Kingdom of the so called "Tree of Liberty".