colonne taranto

castello giardino 5

quartiere ceramiche 10

With the fall of Taranto (272 a.C.) by the Romans, we witnessed an economic and demographic decline also in our area rock, allowing only a few villages an exhausting survival until the Hellenistic period (I-II sec.a.C.) and transforming the entire territory in the grazing area.

Since the end of the Roman Empire until the eleventh century, followed dark and difficult years for which data are lacking certain historical. In this early medieval period Grottaglie unites its history to that of the main towns, Taranto and eats Oria, undergoing followed by various barbarian invasions (Ostrogoths, Goths, Lombards and Saracens fought with the Byzantines our area). Afterwards, with the advent of the Normans, still not erased the presence of Greek influence in Taranto (1063) at the behest of Robert Guiscard. With the establishment of the Principality of Taranto, thanks to Bohemond of Antioch, Prince of Taranto, the fate of the houses were permanently marked Grottaglie. The Normans, in fact, offered the "house cryptalearum", with all appurtenances, the Mensa Archbishop of Taranto. Le Contrade Rupestri, because hidden and safe, had to be inhabited, welcoming inhabitants of nearby settlements are especially vulnerable to raids and reprisals Barbarian. All historians trace the birth of the city of Grottaglie in this medieval period, when, because of you remember invasions, the inhabitants of Salete, Repeat e Mesocoro, found refuge in the caves of Riggio, Casalpiccolo or blade of Thoughts and especially Casalgrande. Here arose the city of Grottaglie real. Grottaglie, then, supplanted all other nearby settlements, phased out, whose inhabitants were concentrated in a safer location that soon would be well fortified with walls, castle and with a large beautiful temple dedicated to the Annunciation. In this period the Mensa archbishop had all feudal rights and with the Archbishop pro tempore you could add to the other titles also the title of Dominus et Utilis Baro Terrae Cryptaliarum. That possession but it was never peaceful, and was the cause of long struggles, processes and quarrels that ended only with the end of feudalism.

The peculiarity of Grottaglie in the relationship between building and ordinary buildings specialist prominent artistic and monumental lies in its history: there are many buildings of a religious nature (there were even 25 churches in the seventeenth century, according to what was said by M. Corcione in his "History and the town of Francesco de Geronimo"), while relatively few are the palaces of high architectural value. Along Via Vittorio Emanuele II are still located some buildings whose date varies from the end of '500 in the early' 600, such as Palazzo Urselli, simple façade and an attractive courtyard adjacent to the main entrance; Palace Maggiulli-Comet similar to the previous; Blasi Palace with its baroque facade. In the main square there is a building with a single portal for its size: the Prince's Palace residence of the feudal lords Cicinelli. In the period from the end of 1700 to the 1880, There were a number of culls and reconstructions that have given rise to numerous palaces (including Palazzo De Rossi, Palace Scardino, Palazzo De Palma), often changing the old road layout. The localization of these, is still along the main axes, with greater thickening towards the center.
This situation reflects the story of the power in ancient Grottaglie, fief of Mensa Archbishop of Taranto and therefore subject to ecclesiastical authority, but also and simultaneously a possession of various lords and petty tyrants of which only the infamous Prince Cicinelli had fixed abode in the heart of the city.