monastero santa chiara 2

In 1809, He fell as an ax, the suppression of religious orders and the confiscation of their property: fatal era of monasticism wealthy. And verily in Grottaglie is a huge land accumulation occurred in favor of the four convents (Carmelites, The reference and Paulini, Cappuccini e monache di S. Chiara), who owned much of the territory: farms, gardens, homes, not to mention the movable. Among them was that of the richest S. Francis of Paola.

Grottaglie is one of the most subjected to tax centers, preceded only by Castellaneta, Taranto and. These are years of general confusion, of exaltation and crisis, of political conspiracy and repression.
years, in Grottaglie, call to mind the figure of Ciro Annichiarico. Born in 1775, “Papa Ggiru"It can be considered one of those robbers who further ignite the imagination and curiosity: Pret A 24 years, no stranger to the ideas and revolutionary Jacobin, He was charged with the murder of another cleric of jealousy; imprisoned, He managed to escape several times. After years of solitary life, He became the leader of a band of robbers who soon frightened Salento; then he passed to the political brigandage giving new structure to the sect of decided and placing themselves at the service of the Carbonari; betrayed by everyone and made the subject of a real military campaign, led by General Richard Church, was captured and shot in the public square of Francavilla, after a trial surface, in February, 1818.

Chiesa S Francesco di Paola chiostro 1But more than the human story of the robber Annichiarico, It is the political situation in the country to intimidate -religiosa: the division between the two factions of the exasperated Realists and Carbonari led to violence and revenge scary; the moral jeopardy in the clergy, often unnecessarily reprimanded by the archbishop Capocelatro, He headed soon to the economic and socio-cultural downsizing of an element, the religious, until then dominant. There were frequent raids and appropriations in Grottaglie.
Among the enthusiasm and hopes of a few, between the more or less open hostility to others and to the indifference of the most, well came the fateful 1860 who rewarded the heroic feat of Italian Unification.
A citizen grottagliese, unjustly forgotten, took part in the expedition: “led by Giuseppe Garibaldi War lightning”, e ne ricevé "because of the freedom, the perfect blindness in one eye, as well as the weakness of sight in the other ... more scars in the leg, for injuries suffered on the field of Mars”. The name of this nostrana glory Ciro Francesco De Sanctis. He had already participated in the campaign of 48/49 among the Piedmontese troops in Tuscany and had known then exile. The only reward for so much hard work endured by the brave fighter, was a modest pension that Decurionate, with flying colors proposed the 25 May 1861 the Commission moderator of pensions, “all moved by pity to see a man who has become incapable of any work for the cause of Italian”.

scorcio storico 35

It is noteworthy that in an event 1839 inflamed and exalted heart of Grottaglie: the canonization of Francesco De Geronimo, the great Jesuit saint. A few years later, in 1852, for this reason, He settled in Grottaglie the first Jesuit community.

Worthy of remembrance is the predatory invasion 17 November 1862, accomplished by Cosimo Mazzeo of S. Marzano better known as "Pizzichicchio"And his gang.
Later Grottaglie, in the name of freedom and democracy, She bothers to erase significant traces of its history; in addition to port S. Angelo the city walls were also demolished, other inscriptions and coats of arms reminiscent of the dark years passed. Even the clergy were adapted to the senseless devastation of the historical and artistic heritage especially in the years around 1880 they saw questionable interventions in the most important temple town, who contributed to disfigure. In this way, at the expense of the Collegiate Grottaglie took a real artistic desecration, who also lost irretrievably, the pulpit of the 1505, the dome that stood in the middle of the cruise, the ceiling wooden panels with paintings of 1674 (replaced with another in bad taste) and some frescoes of the fourteenth century discovered in the sacristy behind the pillars that were smashed and thrown away with coats of arms, shields and inscriptions of the XVI-XVII century, because it was considered "junk".
In 1898, It has yet another popular uprising caused as throughout Italy from misery, by unemployment, from general discomfort. It was immediately quenched, Grottaglie but had to shoulder the maintenance of a Director of Public Safety, a contingent of troops, three officers and a number of policemen.
The figulina activity in this period is, together with the agriculture, the work that employs more workers.
Ceramic hanging on a serious crisis due to several factors: technological innovation with the introduction of artifacts in different materials,, far more durable and affordable; the reduction of quality; the difficult economic and political. From this precarious situation he tried to come out with the creation of a "School of Ceramics " since 1887. The glorious School of Ceramics, now transformed the State Art Institute for Ceramics, fu "formed with a consortium of government, common chamber of commerce, did not go smoothly and was also closed for a few years, before resuming its important role in ceramics and in the culture of Grottaglie”. It has had among its directors "men of great prestige and professional preparation, as Camillo De Rossi, Anselmo De Simone, Gennaro Court, Fiancarlo Polidori and Angelo Peluso”.