ulivo 3

Il territorio grottagliese per le particolarità ambientali, è stato popolato dall’uomo fin da tempi antichi.

Lithic finds belonging to the Paleolithic sono stati ritrovati in località Buccito, Coluccio and III in the village of Lonoce: calcareous crudely chipped stone tools, chips and scraps, blades with trapezoidal section.

L’età neolitica è ben provata un po’ ovunque: permanent settlements (dalla metà del V ai primi secoli dell’IV millennio a.C.) have been discovered to Buccito and Caprarica in the form of several agricultural villages. Segue una considerevole utilizzazione delle grotte e caverne naturali in tutte le fasi dell’età del bronzo e del ferro.

Nella fase finale dell’età del bronzo there was a greater consolidation of settlements, grazie alla mescolanza dell’attività pastorale con quell’agricola, and fortified themselves or they chose new villages on isolated hills and defensible. Così, seguendo l’interessante ricostruzione, sappiamo che nell’average age of the bronze (XVI- XIV sec. a.c.) the villages of Lonoce Riggio and I were joined by those of Fullonese, of S. Biagio and Lonoce II.

Nell 'Final Bronze Age you felt a reduction in population caused by precedence in the agricultural economy of the pastoral and evolution "of the first proto-urban forms a stable structure to town"; abandonment of the environment made rock, in fact, reflected the emergence and strengthening of buildings and urban settlements on the nearby hills, Salete as Monte and Monte S. Elia.

The abandonment of the ravines still went on in 'ethane iron. The slow process of evolution of civilization indigenous to urban structures was choked by the foundation of Taranto by settlers Spartans (Finally VIII sec. a.C.) which caused a retreat of the Japigi to Brindisi, depopulating the intermediate zone, and therefore our. However, from the sixth century. appeared the ravines indigenous.

In the dark years that followed he developed eastern monasticism or Basilian: the ascetic-monaco, escaped the iconoclast crisis, evaded any form of social life in isolation in inaccessible places and deserts in small groups of prayer and penance. Of their past existence remain to witness some caves turned into churches - crypts, the so-called "laure".
Around the year one thousand a small group of Jews, dall'eccidio d'Oria and escaped the fire by the Saracens, settled down in the ravine Fullonese. Fullonese or fuddanese means "fulling" or "fuller", in fact, foreigners who practiced the craft of tanner, used to dig the tanks maceration of the skin directly into the rock drawing water from existing wells in the bottom of the valley or of living water. The natural environment favored the raising and breeding of cattle valued, while the vegetation (lentischio, arbutus, Oak and Walnut) tanning substances were extracted.
For nearly three centuries the Jews lived in the valley of the Fullonese socializing with the natives of the ravines near.