Along Via XXV Luglio, immediately after the convent of S. Francis of Paola, on the right, if learning of the Gravina Fullonese, long about 800 meters. Along the valley bottom you will discover the many caves that open along the sides of the ravine, covered by thick bush of thyme, thyme and rue, while the trees occupy several terraces.

The caves are of various shapes depending on the various needs of the people who inhabited the area over the centuries, safe from the assault dwellings of barbarian gangs.

Gravine GrottaglieThe "Fullonese" designation comes from Fuller or tanner or dyer, craft practiced by a small colony of Jews escaped from the fire of the Oria 977.

Partendo Via XXV Luglio, after the former Hospice for the Poor, you can see on the right side of the ravine initially called a church of SS. Peter and Paul (VI-VII sec.) and later called "St. Peter of the Jews", composed of two rooms with an altar of rock cut against the wall, where once it stood a crucifix beside which there were the Virgin, San Giovanni Evangelista, San Paolo and San Leonardo.

To the left of the church-crypt was the Casa dei Pellegrini, now completely collapsed.

CAVES Fullonese:

1 The cave is located in the deepest part of the ravine and its entrance it is partially blocked by a huge rock collapse. The high portal leads into a wide long cave 10 meters. southernmost corner, there where the ground is covered with sand calcaremitica you can earn through a low pass between boulders, the ultimate environment of the cave.Gravine Grottaglie 2

2 Located about 100 meters from the cave n. 1, presents four entrances arranged on different levels. the main entrance, consists of a long flight of steps carved into the rock, is accessed in a cave articulated. On the western side a landslide above the upper entrance located 4 meters higher. In the southern part a narrow passage between the rocks can reach a small room. Finally, a fourth input, looking down the ravine is placed near the main entrance.

3 Small cave located at the southernmost stretch of the ravine formed by a large portal. The cave is developed in its end in a gravelly formation.

4 Small cavern that opens above the riverbed of the ravine inside characterized by an impressive fig tree.

5 The cavity opens a short distance from the n. 4 at a higher altitude. E 'consists of a single room whose floor is covered with soil and stones.

CAVE OF STRAW

The complex opens at a lateral incision in the ravine which flows in a southerly direction- is. Inputs drywall, testify to the use of the cavity for agricultural purposes- pastoral. Even today the cavity acts as hay storage. The rooms have very high soil covered with pebbles of various sizes that are associated with deposits of sand and calcareous soil.

CONDUCT OF THE LITTER

Today the conduct of the litter is no longer accessible since its entrance has obstructed by second raw materials. the cavity, the only one present in the upper part of the ravine, It opens at the base of a terrace at half height of the wall and consists of a conduct that develops for nine meters.

CAVE OF DEPOSIT

The cavity opens into the same incision can be found in the caves of Puglia. The cave consists of a single compartment accessible via two entrances which is flooded with stones of various sizes.

CAVE OF DEPOSIT 2 Located a short distance from the previous, presents the mouth protected by a wall. The cave consists of a single room that narrows toward the bottom and which is illuminated by external light. The walls are sometimes covered with fungi and algae.

CAVE OF DEPOSIT 3 Not far from the two previous, this cave was used as shelter for the flocks. In fact, in the only environment high as two meters it was built a large tank for watering the animals.

CAVE Bonsignore

Located opposite the Cave Fullonese 4, is presented with a long outer wall in which they were derived some doors and windows. Inside there is modellamenti human: lounging seats along the walls and square niches.

CAVE OF THE TANK

Its cavity is characterized by a small entrance not easy to identify for the lush and dense vegetation. The cave, consists of a low cave, It is full of various origin boulders. main room on the right side a small, narrow passage gives access to a huge tanker, whose entrance is located ten meters higher. This completely artificial, It is completely destroyed.

CAVE OF FOSSIL SPONGES

The cave opens 50 meters south- west of Cave Fullonese 2. The environments that constitute it are superimposed on one another and are interconnected to each other via a stairway cut in the rock. The soil consists of fine-grained terrigenous sediments, It is deviated in some points from buildings with mortar and large boulders that make, in some cases, difficult the continuation.

CAVE OF THE CAPER

Located in the lower section between the first and the second bend of the ravine, the cave has masked by a very dense thicket of lush plants caper. The entrance, of modest size, enter into a cave, whose bottom wall has small niches. On the right side at half height of the wall a tunnel acts as a side window.

CAVE OF THE CAPER 2 Located a short distance from n. 1, the cave is developed on the same level as the previous cave and is characterized by fragrant caper plants that hang from the outside walls. The entrance changed by man with a dry construction allows access in an environment flooded with thorny shrubs.

HIDDEN CAVE

La grotta ha un modesto ingresso che immette in una caverna la cui pianta si allarga progressivamente verso il fondo dove la volta si abbassa man mano che ci si inoltra all’interno.